Tips to Keep Your Heart in a Healthy Condition

These days, heart diseases and heart attacks are quite common. It is recommended you take the necessary steps to reduce your risk of heart disease or heart attack as it is the most common cause that results in the death of both genders in many countries. To prevent heart disease, you need to follow the below mentioned points.

· Healthy eating habits and active lifestyle
· Keep a watch on your weight
· Control your cholesterol and blood pressure levels
· Quit smoking and avoid secondhand smoke
· Consume alcohol only in moderation
· Manage stress

You are at a higher risk of developing a heart disease if you are,

· A man above 45 years of age
· A woman above 55 years of age
· Your brother or father had a heart disease before 55 years of age
· Your sister or mother had a heart disease before 65 years of age

As your age increases, the risk to develop heart diseases and heart attack also increases. The good news is that the development of heart disease is preventable. When people discuss about heart disease, they talk about the coronary heart disease that is also known as coronary artery disease. In fact, this is the most common form of heart disease. When a person has CHD, his or her coronary arteries that carry the blood to the heart become narrow they get blocked. This will happen when the fatty material and cholesterol build up in the coronary arteries. The fat buildup is caused due to the following,

· High blood pressure
· Fat and cholesterol content in the blood
· High blood sugar levels
· Smoking

A person gets a heart attack when there is a sudden block in the blood flow to the heart. This will cause a part of the heart to die if there is no immediate help. It is important to talk to the doctor in case there is sudden tiredness for many days or other health issues such as trouble or pain while breathing.

Genetic Bone Associated Problems

A study revealed that some genetic variants lead to fracture risk in a person and also affects the bone density. This study can help in analyzing new ways through which bone fracture and loss can be prevented. There are around 9 million people around the world affected by Osteoporosis. Genetics is considered to be the primary reason behind it. With age the bone density tends to decrease and poses a major risk for fracture. There are many genetic factors associated with Osteoporosis.

Scientists have been trying since many years to link genetic variants with diseases and traits. Their studies have uncovered many small effects that largely contribute to a bone disorder. In fact some small factors lead to big issues in course of time. An international team of doctors in the UK conducted a study on the role of rare genetic factors in fracture risk. A massive project in which whole genome sequence were obtained. Genome sequencing test were conducted on more than 2800 people. Scientists also gathered the sequence of exomes of more than 3500 people. Then the data was compared from the results from previous studies.

The association between the bone mineral density and genetic variants was hence determined. The results were shocking in many aspects. people never imagined of the possibilities. The team used a mouse model and altered their En1 level which later proved that it plays a major role in bone density level. Study continues to find more possibilities in this field, in 2016 new things might get revealed.

It is Important to Talk to Your Teen on How to Prevent STDs

Do you have a teen son or daughter? If so, it is highly important to talk to him or her about the prevention of STDs or sexually transmitted diseases even if you think your ten is not sexually active. STDs are diseases that spread from one person to another during sex. These diseases are quite common. Though many STDs are treatable, they result in serious health conditions that cannot be cured. In case, you feel nervous to talk to your teen about sex and related diseases, you are not alone. Of course, it will be tough to begin the topic, but it is important that your teen understands to stay safe. If you want to know how you can start discussing this topic with your teen, these tips will be helpful.

· Think about what you need to say in advance
· Try not to overwhelm your teen with many details at once
· Be honest about your feeling
· Use examples before starting a conversation
· Get ideas from your friends who are also parents of teens
· Talk when you are doing something else

You can take up an STD prevention counseling from your teen’s doctor.

Teens should know accurate information on how to prevent STDs. Those teens whose parents discuss with them about the topic are likely to take healthy choices. Almost half of the youngsters in the age group between 15 and 24 years in the U.S. are affected by STD. Of teens, especially girls are at a greater risk than the adults of developing STDs for various reasons and these are,

· Not known as they need tests to analyze STDs
· Likely to have sex without using a condom
· Have sexual contact with various partners at the same time

You need to tell your teen that complete abstinence is the ideal way to prevent STDs. This means not to have any type of sexual contact be it vaginal, oral, anal or skin to skin contact. Of course, the use of condoms prevents STDs, but it is not sure that teens will use condoms due to ignorance. Get your teen tested with a doctor as it is the best way.